Chapter 3: Why Brain Health – Why Now?

NOTES & REFERENCES
1. Murray C, Lopez A. The Global Burden of Disease. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
2. Treas J. Older Americans in the 1990s and beyond. Washington, DC, Population Reference Bureau. Population Bulletin 1995;50(2).
3. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
4. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
5. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
6. Mason G. B.C. Health Care’s ‘Very, Very Scary’ Future. The Globe and Mail 2007;Thursday Feb. 15:A6.
Comer M. From the bedside: “A terrified witness to the future.” A baby boom generation wake-up call. Alzheimer’s & Dementia 2006;2:126-130.
7. O’Neill J. The Rime of the Ancient Geezer. American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) Magazine 2005.
8. Taylor MJ. Apocalyptic demography: the impact of the baby boomers on our health care system. Geriatrics and Aging 2000;3(9):34-5.
9. Cynader M. In: Brain diseases loom as next big health threat. The Vancouver Sun, March 20, 2001, A3.
Shenk D. The Forgetting, Alzheimer’s: Portrait of an epidemic. Anchor Books, New York, 2003.
Foot DK. Boom, Bust and Echo. 2000
Spillman BC, Lubitz J. The effect of longevity on spending for acute and long term care. NEJM 2000;342(19):1409-15.
Lanska DJ. Dementia mortality in the United States. Results of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Neurology 1998;50:362–7.
Hunink MGM, Goldman L. Tosteson ANA, et al. The recent decline in mortality from coronary heart disease, 1980-1990. Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;277:535-542.
JAMA.
Katzman R. The prevalence and malignancy of Alzheimer’s disease: a major killer. Arch Neurol 1976;33:217.
Murray C, Lopez A. The Global Burden of Disease, Harvard University Press, Boston. 1996.
Canadian Study of Health and Aging Working Group. Canadian Study of Health and Aging: study methods and prevalence of dementia. Can Med Assoc J 1994;150(6):899-913.
10. CMAJ 2000;163:590.
BMJ, SETI et al.
Kaminer W. Sleeping with extra-terrestrials: the rise of irrationalism and perils of piety. Vintage Books, New York. 2000.
11. The US Census Bureau 2007.
12. Ostbye T, Crosse E. Net economic costs of dementia in Canada. Can Med Assoc 1994;151 (10):1457-64.
Hux, M, et al. Relation between severity of Aizheimer’s disease and costs of caring. Can Med Assoc J 1998;159(5).
13. GR Depression is estimated to afflict 19 million people in the USA alone, with economic losses conservatively projected at between $30-40 billion a year.13
14. GR JAMA. Chronic ailments, affecting mostly the elderly, afflict 99 million people (US). This costs $470 billion in direct health care costs. There is another $234 billion in indirect costs related to loss of productivity. 11.6% of gross national product went to health care (1989).14 It has increased since then.15
15. GR It has increased since then.15
16. GR Canadian Alzheimer Disease Review, July 2000. 28% of Medicare funds go to people with less than a year to live. 80% of Americans die in health care
institutions.16
17. The cost of AD in Canada is $3.9 billion a year. Recently, the CD Howe Institute, a Canadian think tank, advised that the government must set aside $7 billion per year just to meet the upcoming age related increases in health care costs (2007) Managing the Cost of Health Care: Provincial Persepectives. http://www.cdhowe.org/managing-the-cost-of-healthcare-for-an-aging-population-provincial-perspectives/20165 (Accessed on December 19, 2014)

Reviewed on December 19, 2014