Chapter 3: Why Brain Health – Why Now?

1. Murray C, Lopez A. The Global Burden of Disease. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
2. Treas J. Older Americans in the 1990s and beyond. Washington, DC, Population Reference Bureau. Population Bulletin 1995;50(2).
3. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
4. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
5. Asian Demographics, reported in: The Economist, China’s Golden Oldies, Feb. 26, 2005, p 65).
6. Mason G. B.C. Health Care’s ‘Very, Very Scary’ Future. The Globe and Mail 2007;Thursday Feb. 15:A6.
Comer M. From the bedside: “A terrified witness to the future.” A baby boom generation wake-up call. Alzheimer’s & Dementia 2006;2:126-130.
7. O’Neill J. The Rime of the Ancient Geezer. American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) Magazine 2005.
8. Taylor MJ. Apocalyptic demography: the impact of the baby boomers on our health care system. Geriatrics and Aging 2000;3(9):34-5.
9. Cynader M. In: Brain diseases loom as next big health threat. The Vancouver Sun, March 20, 2001, A3.
Shenk D. The Forgetting, Alzheimer’s: Portrait of an epidemic. Anchor Books, New York, 2003.
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Lanska DJ. Dementia mortality in the United States. Results of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Neurology 1998;50:362–7.
Hunink MGM, Goldman L. Tosteson ANA, et al. The recent decline in mortality from coronary heart disease, 1980-1990. Journal of the American Medical Association 1997;277:535-542.
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Murray C, Lopez A. The Global Burden of Disease, Harvard University Press, Boston. 1996.
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11. The US Census Bureau 2007.
12. Ostbye T, Crosse E. Net economic costs of dementia in Canada. Can Med Assoc 1994;151 (10):1457-64.
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13. GR Depression is estimated to afflict 19 million people in the USA alone, with economic losses conservatively projected at between $30-40 billion a year.13
14. GR JAMA. Chronic ailments, affecting mostly the elderly, afflict 99 million people (US). This costs $470 billion in direct health care costs. There is another $234 billion in indirect costs related to loss of productivity. 11.6% of gross national product went to health care (1989).14 It has increased since then.15
15. GR It has increased since then.15
16. GR Canadian Alzheimer Disease Review, July 2000. 28% of Medicare funds go to people with less than a year to live. 80% of Americans die in health care
17. The cost of AD in Canada is $3.9 billion a year. Recently, the CD Howe Institute, a Canadian think tank, advised that the government must set aside $7 billion per year just to meet the upcoming age related increases in health care costs (2007) Managing the Cost of Health Care: Provincial Persepectives. (Accessed on December 19, 2014)

Reviewed on December 19, 2014